Terminologi

 

Judo Gentle way – flexible way
Tachi waza Standing techniques
Jigotai Defensive posture
Atemi waza Ordinary pattern of walking
Tsugi ashi Walking technique where you bring your feet together but don’t step over.
Shintai Moving forwards, backwards or sideways
Kaeshi waza Counter techniques
Nage waza Throwing techniques
Koshi waza Hip techniques
Ashi waza Foot techniques
Te waza Hand techniques
Masutemi waza Back sacrifice throws
Atemi waza Striking techniques
Kansetu waza Joint locking techniques
Kappo Resusciation techniques
Sutemi waza Sacrifice techniques
Yoko sutemi waza Side sacrifice techniques
Osaekomi waza Pinning techniques
Randori waza Free practice techniques
Renraku waza Combination techniques
Shime waza Choking techniques
Kumikata Grappling methods
Kuzure Modified hold
Kinshi waza Techniques which are practiced in judo, but are forbidden in competitions.
Ai yotsu Same grip used by both judoka, either right or left
Kenka yotsu Opposite grip used by both athletes. One right and the other left.
Hikite Pulling hand – usually the hand gripping a sleeve
Kuzushi Unbalancing the opponent
Hando no Kuzushi Unbalancing by reaction
Happo no Kuzushi Kuzushi in all 8 directions
Debana Breaking the opponents balance when he initiates a move.
Fusegi Escaping techniques
Mae Sabaki Frontal escape
Mae ukemi Falling forward
Yoko ukemi Falling sideways
Uke Block. Person who blocks or recieves an attack
Ukemi Breakfall techniques
Zenpo kaiten ukemi Rolling breakfall – forward
Yoko kaiten ukemi Rolling breakfall – sideways
Competition Terminology Judo
Shiai Competition / contest
Shiaijo Competition area ( ..jo like in dojo )
Shinpan referee
Ki o tsuke Attention
Hajime Begin
Maai Space ( distance between judoka )
Kogeki seyo Order to attack
Osaekomi toketa Escape – stop timing of hold
Osaekomi Referee calls to begin the timing
Jikan Referee calls to stop the watch
Hantei Referee calls the judges for a decision
Ippon Victory with one single technique. ( 10 points )
Waza ari Score half an ippon ( 5 points )
Yuko Score less than waza – ari ( 3 points )
Koka Score less than a yuko ( 2 points )
Hiki wake Draw – no decision
Yusei gachi Wind by judges decision
Fusen Gachi Win by default
Shido Penalty ( equal to koka score )
Keikoku Penalty ( ancient term )
Chui Penalty ( ancient term )
Matte Stop
Sono mama Stop current action ( freeze )
Sore made Time over, time up, finished
Hansoku make Disqualification – most serious penalty in the sport of judo
Uniform / Bodyparts Terminology Judo
Gi Uniform
Judogi Judo uniform
Sode Sleeve
Kubi Neck
Eri Collar
Kata Shoulder
Ude Arm
Hiji Elbow
Te Hand
Tekubi Wrist
Yubi Finger
Mune Chest
Hara Stomach
Seika Tanden The center of gravity (like dan tian in chinese) part of the abdomen
Zubon Pants
Koshi Hip
Hikite Knee
Ashi Foot, leg
More words – japanese martial arts
Sensei Master / trainer / instructor
Kyoshi Instructor / trainer
Okuden Secret teachings
Soke The founder of a martial art (Kano Jigoro for judo)
Judoka A person practicing judo
Randori Free practice
Judo ichidai Spending a lifetime practicing judo
Kiai To shout. ( gather spirit with a shout )
Waza Technique
Shisei Posture
Nage Throw
Nagekomi Repetitive throwing training.
Kata Forms
Katame no kata Forms of grappling techniques
Nage no kata Throwing forms
Randori no kata Forms of free practice techniques
Ju no kata Forms of gentleness
Seiryoku Principle of max. efficiency
Ju no ri Principle of gentleness
Jujutsu Gentle art – Judo was developed by Kano Jigora from Jujutsu.
Kodokan The judo institute in Tokyo where Kano Jigoro founded judo.
Bujutsu Martial arts
Budo Martial ways
Bu Martial
Bushido Way of the warrior
Goshin Jutsu Art of self defence
Jita Kyoei Principle of mutual prosperty
Joseki Place of honor, upper seat
Dojo Training hall – school
Tatami Mat
Tori Athlete performing a technique
Kake Execution of a technique
Tokuri waza The best technique somebody can do. Favourite technique.
Rei Bow
Reiho Forms of respect and manners
Zarei Kneeling salutation
Seiza Kneeling posture (formal)
Obi Belt (like judo or karate belt)
Kyu Degrees below the first blackbelt
(colored belts) student degrees
Dan A black belt rank (master rank )
Yudansha Athlete who earned a black belt (dan / master degree) New dan – athlete
Yudanshakai Blackbelt association
Kodansha A high black belt degree in japanese martial arts (5th blackbelt and above)
Mudansha A judoka without dan (blackbelt) a student degree
Ichi 1
Ni 2
San 3
Shi 4
Go 5
Roku 6
Shichi 7
Hachi 8
Ku 9
Ju 10
Juichi 11
Juni 12
Jusan 13
Niju 20
Nijuichi 21
Sanju 30
Kujuku 99
Hyaku 100
Sen 1000
Man 10000
juman 100000
Hyakuman 1000000
Senman 10000000
Oku 100000000
Yoko Side
Hidari Left
Migi Right
Mae Forward
Ushiro Backward
Other japanese phrases & words
Ohayo gozaimasu Good morning
Konnichiwa Good afternoon
Konbanwa Good evening
Sayonara Good bye
O genki desu ka How are you?
Hai, genki desu I am fine
Domo arigato gozaimashu Thank you very much
Do itashi mashite You are welcome
Misete kudasai Please show me
Anata wa eigo o Do you speak english
hanashimasu ka? Iie, wakarimasen No, I don’t understand
Anata no namae wa? What is your name?
Watashi no namae … My name is …
Yukkuri hanashi te kudasai Please speak slowly?